Saturday , 25 January 2020

Dunford Trip Aimed at Maintaining, Growing Alliances

By Jim Garamone,
DoD News, Defense Media Activity

One of the tenets of the National Defense Strategy is maintaining and building alliances.

Marine Corps Gen. Joe Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, meets with Indian Adm. Sunil Lanba, chief of the naval staff and chairman of the chiefs of staff committee at the Ministry of Defense in New Delhi, India, Sept. 6, 2018. DoD photo by Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Dominique A. Pineiro

Marine Corps Gen. Joe Dunford’s recent trip around the world is an example of that in action.

The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff constantly works with allies to strengthen alliances. He also reaches out to prospective partners to encourage cooperation and interoperability.

“Mutually beneficial alliances and partnerships are crucial to our strategy, providing a durable, asymmetric strategic advantage that no competitor or rival can match,” it says in the National Defense Strategy.

Since World War II, the United States has always fought alongside allies.

U.S. treaty allies in the Pacific – Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, the Philippines and Thailand – provide capabilities, advice and intelligence invaluable to mutual defense priorities.

Allies and partners are in Afghanistan. They are in Iraq and Syria. They are working with the defeat-ISIS coalition. They provide a physical and moral edge that powers like Russia and China cannot duplicate.

But the alliance process is a two-way street and requires listening, a frank exchange of ideas and positions and concrete steps that make an aspiration a reality.

The chairman’s trip covered stops in Greece, Pakistan, India, Afghanistan and Hawaii.

Greece is a mainstay in the NATO alliance, and Dunford’s counterpart, Greek Navy Adm. Evangelos Apostolakis, hosted the general. U.S.-Greek military-to-military relations have been good for decades, but the overall bilateral relationship between Greece and the United States “is probably as good as it has been in many, many years,” the chairman said.

Dunford (right) meets with Greek Navy Adm. Evangelos Apostolakis, chief of the Hellenic National Defence General Staff, at the Ministry of Defence in Athens, Greece, Sept. 4, 2018. DoD photo by Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Dominique A. Pineiro

Greece and the United States see the problems in the region alike and worry about Russian moves in Europe, in Syria and in the greater Middle East. The two nations are concerned with Libya and the growth of violent extremism. The two leaders discussed the refugee crisis and how to increase the exercise program between the two nations and the possibility of the United States having access to Greek bases.

The chairman left Athens for Islamabad, Pakistan. Pakistan is key to the South Asia Strategy that President Donald J. Trump espoused in August 2017. Pakistan has to be a part of a solution in Afghanistan. Dunford joined with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to meet with Pakistan’s new Prime Minister Imran Khan, Foreign Minister Mehmood Qureshi and Army Chief of Staff Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa.

“When we talked to General Bajwa on a military-to-military level, we listened to the prime minister very carefully [and] we listened to the secretary very carefully,” Dunford said following the talks. “The objectives were very consistent between the secretary and prime minister. General Bajwa and I agreed that we will leverage the military-to-military relationship for the secretary and prime minister and, more importantly, for President Trump’s South Asia Strategy.”

Actions speak louder than words and the Pakistani leaders agreed to “reset” their relationship with the United States. “What we want to see: The Taliban at the peace table dealing with Afghans,” Dunford said. “And we believe the Pakistanis play a unique role in bringing the Taliban to the peace process.”

The chairman’s next stop was New Delhi, India, where he joined his boss, Defense Secretary James N. Mattis, and Pompeo for the 2+2 Talks with Indian Defense Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj.

During the meeting the leaders spoke to regional and global concerns like Afghanistan, North Korea and terrorism. Sitharaman said the U.S. military-to-military cooperation has been a “key driver” of the relationship.

Pompeo stressed the shared values the U.S. and India possess. “We have a responsibility to advance those shared values: rule of law; national sovereignty; good governance; the protection of fundamental freedoms, rights and liberties; free, fair and reciprocal trade relationships and peaceful resolutions of territorial and maritime disputes,” he said.

LIVE NOW: Closing statements of the 🇺🇸🇮🇳 Strategic #2Plus2Dialogue with U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Secretary James N. Mattis, U.S. Department of State Secretary Michael Pompeo and their Indian counterparts, Ministry of Defence, Government of India Nirmala Sitharaman and Indian Minister of External Affairs Sushma SwarajU.S. Embassy IndiaU.S. Indo-Pacific Command

Posted by The Joint Staff on Thursday, September 6, 2018

Video of closing statements of the inaugural #2Plus2Dialogue with U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Secretary James N. Mattis, U.S. Department of State Secretary Michael Pompeo and their Indian counterparts, Minister of Defence Nirmala Sitharaman and Indian Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj

Mattis and the chairman next made an unannounced trip to Afghanistan where they met with U.S., coalition and Afghan officials. The visit was a chance to hear directly from those most directly affected by strategies in the region.

Defense Secretary James N. Mattis and Dunford meet with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani in Kabul, Afghanistan, Sept. 7, 2018. DoD photo by Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Dominique A. Pineiro
Dunford renders honors during a memorial service hosted by NATO’s Resolute Support command headquarters in Kabul, Afghanistan. He is joined by Resolute Support Commander U.S. Army Gen. Austin Miller and other NATO coalition leaders. U.S. Air Force photo by Tech Sgt. Sharida V. Jackson

Finally, Dunford’s journey led him to Hawaii where he and his senior enlisted advisor Army Command Sgt. Maj. John W. Troxell participated in a senior leadership meeting hosted by U.S. Indo-Pacific Command. The meeting allowed Dunford and his fellow chiefs of defense to discuss the military dimension of what a “free and open Indo-Pacific” looks like and how to best cooperate to ensure this environment continues.

The chairman flew back to Washington, D.C., landing at Joint Base Andrews, Maryland, at 1 a.m. Sept. 12. He was back on an aircraft just over 12 hours later to fly to Mexico City to consult with leaders of the Mexican army and Navy.

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